What does dying "testate" or "intestate" mean?

A person dies testate if a will was left. One dies intestate if that person does not have a valid will at the time of death. If a person dies intestate, then the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in effect at the time of death, determine who the heirs are and hence who receives the decedent’s property.

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1. What is probate?
2. Where should the will be probated?
3. What does dying "testate" or "intestate" mean?
4. Who inherits the property of an intestate (person dying without a will)?
5. Is the appointment of an executor or administrator and formal administrator and formal administration of an estate always required?
6. When should I probate the will or if there is no will seek to be appointed administrator?
7. What should I take with me to probate a will or qualify on an estate?
8. Who will be appointed by the court as executor or administrator?
9. What are the basic duties of an executor or administrator?
10. What taxes are there to be paid?
11. Is an executor or administrator compensated?
12. Where can I go for more information or answers to specific questions?